INTERNAL BLOCK DIAGRAM & WORKING OF ADC0809/ADC0808
The internal block diagram of ADC0809/ADC0808 is,
The various functional blocks of ADC are 8-channel multiplexer, comparator, 256R resistor ladder, switch tree, successive approximation register, output buffer, address latch and decoder.
The 8-channel multiplexer can accept eight analog inputs in the range of 0 to 5V and allow one by one for conversion depending on the 3-bit address input. The channel selection logic is,
The successive approximation register (SAR) performs eight iterations to determine the digital code for input value. The SAR is reset on the positive edge of START pulse and start the conversion process on the falling edge of START pulse.
A conversion process will be interrupted on receipt of new START pulse.
The End-Of-Conversion (EOC) will go low between 0 and 8 clock pulses after the positive edge of START pulse.
The ADC can be used in continuous conversion mode by tying the EOC output to START input. In this mode an external START pulse should be applied whenever power is switched ON.
The 256'R resistor network and the switch tree is shown in fig.
The 256R ladder network has been provided instead of conventional R/2R ladder because of its inherent monotonic, which guarantees no missing digital codes.
Also the 256R resistor network does not cause load variations on the reference voltage.
The comparator in ADC0809/ADC0808 is a chopper- stabilized comparator. It converts the DC input signal into an AC signal, and amplifies the AC sign using high gain AC amplifier. Then it converts AC signal to DC signal. This technique limits the drift component of the amplifier, because the drift is a DC component and it is not amplified/passed by the AC amp1ifier. This makes the ADC extremely insensitive to temperature, long term drift and input offset errors.
In ADC conversion process the input analog value is quantized and each quantized analog value will have a unique binary equivalent.
The quantization step in ADC0809/ADC0808 is given by,