Peripheral Interfacing is considered to be a main part of Microprocessor, as it is the only way to interact with the external world. The interfacing happens with the ports of the Microprocessor.

  • The main IC's which are to be interfaced with 8085 are:
               1. 8255 PPI
               2. 8259 PIC
               3. 8251 USART
               4. 8279 Key board display controller
               5. 8253 Timer/ Counter
               6. A/D and D/A converter interfacing.

Pins, Signals and internal block diagram of 8255:

  • It has 40 pins and requires a single +5V supply.

  • The INTEL 8255 is a device used to parallel data transfer between processor and slow peripheral devices like ADC, DAC, keyboard, 7-segment display, LCD, etc.

  • The 8255 has three ports: Port-A, Port-B and Port-C.

  • Port-A can be programmed to work in any one of the three operating modes mode-0, mode-1 and mode-2 as input or output port.

  • Port-B can be programmed to work either in mode-0 or mode-1 as input or output port.

  • Port-C (8-pins) has different assignments depending on the mode of port-A and port-B.

  • If port-A and B are programmed in mode-0, then the port-C can perform any one of the following functions.

  • As 8-bit parallel port in mode-0 for input or output.

  • As two numbers of 4-bit parallel ports in mode-0 for input or output.

  • The individual pins of port-C can be set or reset for various control applications.

  • If port-A is programmed in mode- 1/mode-2 and port-B is programmed in mode-1 then some of the pins of port-C are used for handshake signals and the remaining pins can be used as input/ output lines or individually set/reset for control applications.

  • The read/write control logic requires six control signals. These signals are given below.
1. RD (low): This control signal enables the read operation. When this signal is low, the microprocessor reads data from a selected I/O port of the 8255A.

2. WR (low): This control signal enables the write operation. When this signal goes low, the microprocessor writes into a selected I/O port or the control register.

3. RESET: This is an active high signal. It clears the control register and set all ports in the input mode.

4. CS (low), A0 and A1: These are device select signals. They are,

Interfacing of 8255 with 8085 processor:

  • A simple schematic for interfacing the 8255 with 8085 processor is shown in fig.

Block diagram of 8255:

  • The internal block diagram of 8255 is shown in fig:
  • The 8255 can be either memory mapped or I/O mapped in the system. In the schematic shown in above is I/O mapped in the system.

  • Using a 3-to-8 decoder generates the chip select signals for I/O mapped devices.

  • The address lines A4, A5 and A6 are decoded to generate eight chip select signals (IOCS-0 to IOCS-7) and in this, the chip select IOCS- 1 is used to select 8255.

  • The address line A7 and the control signal IO/M (low) are used as enable for the decoder.

  • The address line A0 of 8085 is connected to A0 of 8255 and A1 of 8085 is connected to A1 of 8255 to provide the internal addresses.

  • The data lines D0-D7 are connected to D0-D7 of the processor to achieve parallel data transfer.

  • The I/O addresses allotted to the internal devices of 8255 are listed in table.
Free Electronic projects & 8085 projects